CNA association

Objectives

CNA, Calypso Networks Association, is a non-for-profit association under the Belgium law of an ASBL, dedicated to develop and promote Calypso.

At the end of the Calypso European Project, and given its great success, it appears clear to its participants that it was necessary to extend their cooperation in order to guarantee the evolution of the specifications and the promotion of Calypso on a global scale. The originality, and the strength, of Calypso, its independence from a manufacturer, clearly needs to be conserved.

Consequently they decided to sustain the existing club of users and to reinforce its role and its missions by creating the Calypso Network Association (CNA). This initiative received the full support of the European Commission, as a way to ensure the diffusion of the results of Calypso as widely as possible.

CNA was established in Brussels as a non-for-profit association under the Belgium law (ASBL) in 2003, with the founder members of the project (OTLIS-Lisbon, ACTV-Venice, STIB-Brussels, LKRKN-Constance and RATP & SNCF-Paris).

The objectives of CNA are to:

  • Establish long lasting relations between all the partners using Calypso specifications.
  • Define and direct the reference specifications.
  • Implement a certification policy, to guarantee the compatibility of all current and future products.
  • Establish a Calypso label issued by an independent organization.
  • Promote Calypso to operators and manufacturers to yield its distribution.
  • Contribute to the international standardization process.
  • Facilitate and harmonize the shared members' needs and experiences.
  • Encourage all actions of mutual assistance in the implementation of Calypso e- ticketing systems.
  • Promote and manage the Triangle solution for interoperability.
  • Encourage the initiatives to associate Calypso ticketing applications in multiservice environments.

The CNA statutes describe the management and the governance of CNA.

The advantages to be a CNA member and the conditions to participate in the association and his working groups are described below.

Membership

 

Who can join CNA?

CNA is open to all actors playing a role in the Calypso environment, whether you are a user of Calypso or a provider of Calypso.

If you operate a ticketing system using Calypso and/or deploy Calypso media for end-user customers (transport operator or authority, collectivities, banks, service providers, mobile phone operators, etc.), you join CNA as an Effective Member.

If you are a provider of Calypso (IC manufacturers, card embedders, terminal providers, fare collection integrator, etc.) or a consulting company/study office helping users to implement Calypso, you join CNA as an Associated Member.

 

Why join CNA?

As an Effective Member, you participate in all decisions on Calypso: evolution of specifications, security, election of Board members, approval of accounts and moral report, participation to the General Assembly. You may be a candidate to become a Board member.

Consequently, Calypso evolutions are really led by its users, who are the ones taking the decisions through voting procedures. You are responsible for the main orientations that CNA has to take in order to guarantee the investments that you have made when implementing a ticketing system. In CNA, we are truly sure, because the users are the ones who are responsible towards their customers, that they have to anticipate potential difficulties and to decide on preventive actions by themselves. It is particularly true as a matter of security, where it is necessary to manage a roadmap of improvements in order to anticipate the evolutions of hacking methods.

As an Associated Member, you represent the point of view of industry and manufacturers in CNA, which play a key role, because providing all Calypso components. You push the evolutions of Calypso in the adequate directions through your knowledge of the market and of the major technical evolutions to come. You can better anticipate the evolutions of Calypso, in order to implement them in your systems or products.

CNA facilitates exchanges between the different providers of Calypso products, particularly media providers and terminal providers, which allows them to more easily avoid problems of compatibility.

All Calypso members benefit from the following advantages:

  • Participation in the Working Group activities.
  • Preferential tariffs for participation in the events organized by CNA. See the upcoming events in NEWS/EVENTS.
  • Access to all the Services provided by CNA (Triangle, Certification, Applet, Training, Demonstrator, Documentation, Assistance to implementation, etc.).

All Calypso members benefit from fruitful exchanges with other members, between users and providers, in an international context.

 

How to join CNA?

In order to know all the conditions to participate in CNA, please have a look at the CNA Statutes.

The conditions are the following:

  • For an effective member : € 300 (free of charge the first year)
  • For an associated member :
    • Manufacturers & Providers : € 3000
    • Transport Operators : From € 1000 to €3000 (depending on the turnover)
    • Consulting companies :
      • < 10 people : 600€
      • 10 - 50 people : 1000€
      • > 50 people : 3000€

You may directly register at CNA by filling in and sending the Registration Form. If you are interested in one or more services offered by CNA you may indicate it in the same form.

Your request to be a CNA member will be subjected to the CNA Board and, after validation from the Board, your membership will be effective after receipt of your payment by bank transfer to the following account:

 

Who are the CNA members?

Today, CNA welcomes more than 70 members.

You may see all the current members of CNA on the CNA Members list.

Working group description

 

 

 

Working Group Organisation

CNA activities take shape through the creation of task forces; the main working groups are:

• WG1:  improving and developing Calypso reference specification, to provide an appropriate solution to transport operator needs.

• WG2:  favouring interoperability between transport networks, and amongst networks, to ensure that any Calypso Portable Object can work with any Calypso terminal.

• WG3:  promoting Calypso technology worldwide and participating in national and international standardization initiatives so that Calypso’s good practices will spread throughout the community.

The technical working group WG1 welcomes all contributors who are willing to participate and bring their own expertise: operators, industry vendors and manufacturers, consultants, software houses, and so on.

Its main objective is to ensure a constant improvement of the security features of Calypso. The second objective is to set up and maintain a policy of certification for the different products used in Calypso systems. Another focus is to facilitate the emergence of new technologies and services in the Calypso environment by providing solutions to the world of transport.

The WG1 is organized around Working Packages according to the related topics. Each Package is managed by a company leader, chosen by CNA and paid accordingly.

An internet collaborative tool federates the Working Packages: http://www.cnawg.net .

Every CNA member can participate at different levels: from a simple following of the discussions on the dedicated forums, through a review of the draft documents of specification, and until a more active participation in the regular meetings (also available via web conference).

 

Main achievements

The goal of each working package, is to find a general agreement on a specification document before to submit it to the board of CNA for approval.

These documents are available for the CNA members.

 

Following main and recent achievements can be highlighted:

• The specification of a Calypso Light Application (CLAP), and its associated functional test plan.

• The specification of a Calypso HCE Application.

• The User Manual of the version 1.3 of the Calypso CNA applet, which aims at promoting Calypso on NFC phones.

• The last revision 3.2 of the Calypso Portable Object Specification, with AES crypto algorithm and new features for privacy data protection.

• The functional test plan for the Calypso Portable Object Certification that has been implemented for the technical evaluation of the portable object.

• The revision 2.7 of the Hoplink specification, which better takes account of NFC mobile phones and strengthen the security of Triangle, together with a new version of the document "Best Practices of Hoplink", which aims at facilitating the implementation of Hoplink in the equipments of a newly partner.

 

Find hereunder the currently active working packages :

WP #

Title

Main topics

13

Account Based Ticketing

How to introduce ABT in a range of solutions including card centric solutions, mobile ticketing, open payment … ? The question for CNA is to see what part Calypso could and should play in account-based ticketing and what evolutions are required.

12

Calypso Range of Products

The specification of Calypso Light Application for Portable objects (CLAP) has just been published : it concerns a mid range Calypso product with the security of a Calypso card, but less functions. A task has been launched about a full ISO Contactless Ticket.

11

Hoplink

Less active since the publication of the specification Hoplink v2.7 in June 2016, along with an update of Best Practices. Work on Hoplink now focusing on its implementation, less on its specifications that are stabilized.

10

New Security architecture

Security evolutions of Calypso. It produced a specification of the Calypso HCE application and works on the publication of "Guidelines", setting for HCE application additional security measures. It defined the basis of a specification Rev 3.3 of the Calypso application that integrates a public key authentication.

7

Rev Updates

Update of the specifications of the application of a Calypso Portable Object Rev3.

5.3

Portable object certification

Functional test plans definition.

3.1

Generic Application Download

Definition of the evolutions of the Calypso applet. It takes into account the secure environments of mobile phones, SIM or eSE.

2.3

Calypso Keys Management

Specifications of a standardized key ceremony and a procedure of transfer of keys since SAM to HSM.

2.1

SAM Specification

Specifications of the SAM Calypso. The access to some security documents may be restricted.

1.1

Revision 3 reader and application

In charge of the publication of the recommendations for the programming of the readers.


 

Management

CNA management is described in the Statutes of the Association.

Below, you will find the most important information about it.

 

General Assembly

The General Assembly of the members of CNA is held each year in April. Effective members participate, and, upon decision of the Board, associated members as well.

The role of the General Assembly is to:

  • Elect the Board members for 3 years.
  • Modify the statutes of the Association.
  • Approve the accounts.
  • Decide on the exclusion of a member.
  • Decide on modifications to CNA finality (presently an ASBL under Belgium law).
  • All other decisions to be taken under proposal of the Board.

Vote right of the dependent upon members is subjected the payment of their membership fee.

 

Board

The Board is composed of, at least, two members and, at most, eleven members.

The Board is elected for 3 years.

The Board has all the attributions and makes all decisions, except if they are assigned to the General Assembly.

The Board establishes the account and the activity report of the Association, to be submitted to the General Assembly. It prepares the budget.

The Board members can be dismissed by the General Assembly.

The Board members elect among themselves:

  • The President of the Association,
  • Optionally vice-presidents,
  • The General Secretary,
  • The Treasurer.
  • The Chief Operational Officer (COO).

 

Working Groups

The activities of the Association are realized by Working Groups.

The Board decides the Working Groups to be set-up.

The existing WG and their management are described in the Working Groups tab.

 

Present Board composition

The present Board, elected during the General Assembly in June 2017, is the following:

  • ACTV, Azienda Consorzio Trasporti Veneziano, vice-president, in charge of promotion and marketing activities, represented by Gianluca Cuzzolin and Morgan Chirici,
  • CTS, Compagnie des Transports Strasbourgeois, in charge of the governance of the Triangle scheme of interoperability, represented by Alain Caffart,
  • INTERPARKING, represented by Roland Cracco,
  • LANDKREIS KONSTANZ, General Secretary, represented by Frank Hämmerle,
  • OTLIS, Operadores de Transportes da Regiao de Lisboa, vice-president, in charge of open source development, represented by Regina Ferreira,
  • RATP, Régie des Transports Autonomes Parisiens, chairman, represented by Philippe Vappereau,
  • RIGAS KARTE, represented by Aleksander Brandavs,
  • SNCF, Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français, vice-president in charge of the industrial strategy, represented by Joel Eppe,
  • STIB, Société des Transports Intercommunaux de Bruxelles, represented by Jean-Luc van Ginder Deuren.​

CNA Partners

 

CNA established numerous and fruitful partnerships and cooperation with other associations and organisms who share the same goals to facilitate seamless travels for customers, standardized solutions for operators and authorities, interoperability for both.

STA – The Smart Ticketing Alliance

The Smart Ticketing Alliance was established following an agreement by VDV ETS (DE), ITSO (UK), AFIMB (FR), Calypso Networks and UITP.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance is a platform for European and global cooperation. The founders of the Smart Ticketing Alliance invite other national and regional ticketing schemes to join.

Following the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed February 2012, the Smart Ticketing Alliance has now been founded by representatives of the organizations of VDV ETS (Germany), ITSO (UK), AFIMB (France) and Calypso Networks Association, together with representatives of UITP (International Association of Public Transport).

This is another major step forward in making transport ticketing across parts of Europe simpler and easier for passengers: it creates a platform for cooperation throughout Europe and globally. The Alliance includes cooperation on, and establishment of, a trust scheme for Public Transport that mirrors the Trust Schemes in the mobile phone industry, banking etc.

The February 2012 agreement commits the Alliance to cooperate on the development of Smart Ticketing interoperability based on the principles of Interoperable Fare Management (IFM) set out in the EU-IFM Project funded by the European Commission and the developments in contactless bankcards and NFC-enabled devices, particularly mobile phones.

The Smart Ticketing Alliance represents a coordinated approach for establishing Smart Ticketing interoperability in the public transport sector.

The main goals of the Alliance are:

  • Cooperation between national and regional Smart Ticketing schemes to establish interoperable Smart Ticketing in Europe and elsewhere.
  • To develop, agree on and publish the functional and technical requirements for smart ticketing interoperability
  • Cooperation on the establishment of Trust Schemes, Specifications and Certification
  • Cooperation with other European and International bodies to promote interoperability in Smart Ticketing

Full membership is open for national ticketing schemes and regional groups of Public Transport Authorities/Companies cooperating in the electronic Smart Ticketing area. Associated members are welcome. The founding members of the Smart Ticketing Alliance invite other European stakeholders to join either as Full Members or at Associate level in the development of the Smart Ticketing Alliance. A coordinating Secretariat will be established for the Smart Ticketing Alliance from within the UITP to provide a single contact point.

ITSO

ITSO Ltd. is the non-profit distributing organization that oversees the ITSO Specification for smart ticketing in the UK. ITSO helps its members to set up and run ITSO-compliant smart ticketing schemes, tests and certifies smart ticketing equipment to ensure it meets the ITSO standards and ensures the ITSO Specification is up to date and fit for purpose. ITSO operates the ITSO Security Management System (ISMS), a highly secure key management and distribution system specifically developed to enable ITSO-compliant smart ticketing systems to be set up.

VDV-ETS

VDV- ETS is the open and secure German standard for electronic fare management systems (EFM) which enables passenger to move freely and easily between public transport companies without having to deal with different tariff zones and ticket machines (interoperability). It provides an open platform which not only allows transport operators to integrate their back office systems as well as those of multimodal and multifunctional partners. The VDV-ETS regulates the cooperation of the various stakeholders in EFM systems at an organizational level (eTicket Germany is the brand name of the VDV ETS).

AFIMB

The French agency for multimodal information and smart-ticketing (AFIMB) is linked with the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. Its steering committee gathers representatives of transport authorities, users, transport operators and relevant public administrations. The agency aims to promote interoperability in the areas of multimodal information and smart-ticketing and supports standardization.

UITP

UITP is the international network for public transport authorities and operators, policy decision-makers, scientific institutes and the public transport supply and service industry. It is a platform for worldwide cooperation, business development and the sharing of know-how between its 3,400 members from 92 countries. UITP is the global advocate of public transport and sustainable mobility, and the promoter of innovations in the sector.

ADCET

ADCET is a non-for-profit association created in 2005, and brings together public and private members to promote the development of electronic transactions in territories and universities in order to improve the lives of end-users and the communities’ management.

Its domains of intervention are: administrative procedures, purchasing, loyalty, parking and public transport, public services, tourism, universities, etc.

The main mission of ADCET is to contribute to the definition of standards in those domains in order to promote new, open and sustainable technical architectures, and a comprehensive range of services and products.

To achieve its objectives the ADCET conducts working groups among its members, informs stakeholders on market developments through its website, the social networks and a newsletter. It holds a yearly conference.